The urologist is the professional responsible for the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the urinary tract of the entire population and the genital system of men exclusively. This professional completes two specializations, one in general surgery and the other in urology, in which he acquires all the necessary experience to work.
Between college and medical residencies, there are at least 11 years of dedication for this doctor to be qualified for clinical and urological surgeries. Do you want to find out how important it is to consult a urologist and when it is essential to look for him? In this article, we’ve gathered the most critical information on the subject. Let’s check it out?
What Does The Urologist Do?
The urologist is responsible for diagnosing and treating diseases of the urinary system with the urology medical equipment, which includes organs such as the bladder and kidneys and canals such as the urethra and ureters. For problems of this type, both men and women should go to the professional.
The urologist is also qualified to take care of the male reproductive system, including the prostate, testis, penis, seminal vesicles, vas deferens, and epididymis. In addition, this doctor is also responsible for diagnosing and treating problems related to the adrenals, also called the adrenal glands, which produce important hormones such as adrenaline and cortisol.
Male Urologist Doctor
The urologist is the doctor specializing in the treatment of diseases in the urinary tract of men and women and the male reproductive system. Thus, this professional can work in all urology segments or qualify in one of the subdivisions of the specialty. Examples of these branches are:
- Andrology: in which the professional takes care exclusively of the male reproductive system, as well as its sexual function and hormones involved;
- Pediatric urology: in which the professional specializes in problems that mainly affect these populations;
- Uroneurology: in which the doctor works mainly in cases of urinary diseases resulting from neurological disorders;
- Uro-oncology: for diagnosis and specific treatment of urological tumors;
- Kidney transplantation.
What Diseases Are Treated By This Doctor?
The list of diseases treated by the urologist is gigantic. Among the problems that can affect both men and women of all ages are:
- Urinary infections such as cystitis and pyelonephritis;
- Benign or malignant tumors (cancer);
- Kidney stones, the famous kidney stones;
- Incontinence or obstruction of urinary flow.
For men, the urologist identifies and treats problems such as:
- Premature ejaculation;
- sexual impotence;
- Penile curvature;
- Cancer that affects the male reproductive system.
In the process of diagnosing these diseases, the doctor orders some tests. The most common are blood tests, to assess mainly the biochemical parameters related to the urinary tract, such as creatinine, urea, and uric acid, in addition to the leukocyte count to check for possible infection.